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Sport fishing


 
  Fish in Bulgaria  

Freshwater :

   
Grass Carp The Grass Carp, also known as the White Amur,Adults of the species feed exclusively on aquatic plants.The grass carp grows very rapidly, and young fish stocked in the spring at 8 inches will reach over 18 inches by fall,and adults often attain nearly 4 feet in length and over 40 pounds (18 kg) in weight.  
Pike

Pike are opportunist feeders, feeding on what is most common and easiest to catch, on most waters, this will be the resident shoals of coarse fish which reside in them. In places fish migration takes a part, such as an influx of eels, and salmon on their spawning runs, to suffer a degree of predation, but these are special circumstances and the majority of predation will be on the resident coarse fish. Claims that pike eat all the fish are unfounded, as this would soon result in the demise of the species.

Chub
As with most species, Chub will readily take whatever is natural to their habitat. In addition to such “natural” baits, however, Chub are renowned for their voracious appetite and will, in all probability, take forms of cheese, sweetcorn, bread, worms, wasp-grub, and just about any other bait that is offered. (They freely conceal themselves in-and then return to-deep holes, roots of trees, etc.).
Roach Often found in moving water, the Roach likes depths of about 2 or 3 m; it also enjoys weedy waters. Behaviour a gregarious fish that lives in schools; the bigger ones keep themselves somewhat apart from the others.Food: small mollusks , insect larvae , annelid worms, moss , algae , surface insects.
European Perch
European perch are greenish with red pelvic and caudal fins. They have 5-9 dark vertical bars on their sides.The perch spawns at the end of April or beginning of May, depositing it upon weeds, or the branches of trees or shrubs that have become immersed in the water, it does not come into condition again until July.
Carp Bream
The Carp bream generally lives in very slow-flowing rivers (especially in the lower reaches) and in nutrient-rich lakes and ponds with many algae and muddy bottoms. It lives in small schools near the bottom close to the shore . The fish’s protactile mouth helps it dig for chironomidae larvae, tubificidae , bivalves , and gastropods .
The carp bream eats water plants and plankton as well.
Barbel Barbels are group of large carp-like freshwater fish, almost all of the genus Barbus. In comparison to Carp which typically inhabit mud bottomed ponds and still waters, barbels are usually found in gravel and rocky bottomed fast flowing waters with high dissolved oxygen content. A typical adult barbel will range from 25 to 100 cm in length and weigh anywhere between 200 g and 10 kg, although weights of 1-2kg are more common. Not suprisingly, the size of barbels in large continental rivers typically exceeds that of barbels in smaller peninsular or island rivers.
Channel Catfish Most common in big rivers and streams the Channel Catfish prefers some current, and deep water with sand, gravel or rubble bottoms. Channel Catfish also inhabit lakes, reservoirs and ponds. They adapt well in standing water where stocked. Feeds primarily at night using taste buds in the sensitive barbels and throughout the skin to locate prey. Although they normally feed on the bottom, channels also will feed at the surface and at mid-depth. Major foods are aquatic insects, crayfish, mollusks, crustaceans and fishes. Small channels consume invertebrates, but larger ones may eat fish. Contrary to popular belief, carrion is not their normal food.
Blue Catfish Blue catfish are opportunistic predator and will eat any species of fish they can catch, along with crayfish, freshwater mussels, frogs, and other readily available aquatic food sources. Catching their prey becomes all the more easy if it is already wounded or dead, and blue cats are noted for feeding beneath marauding schools of striped bass in open water in reservoirs or feeding on wounded bait fish that have been washed through dam spillways or power generation turbines. Due to their opportunistic nature, blue catfish will usually take advantage of readily accessible food in a variety of situations, which from the angler’s perspective makes cut baits, dead baits, and even stink baits an excellent choice to target these fish. Blue cats will also respond well to live baits, with live river herring and shad usually a top choice followed by large shiner minnows, sunfish suckers
Trout Trout generally feed on soft bodied aquatic invertebrates, such as flies, mayflies, caddisflies, stone flies, and dragonflies. In lakes, various species of zooplankton often form large parts of the diet. In general, the larger specimens of trout (longer than about 30 cm) prey almost exclusively on small fish, if they are available.
The Common carp or European carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish distantly related to the common goldfish, with which it is capable of interbreeding. It gives its name to the carp family Cyprinidae. Originating in Asia, the fish has been introduced into environments worldwide. It can grow to a maximum length of 5 feet (1.5 meters), a maximum weight of over 80lb (37.3 kg.), and an oldest recorded age of at least 65 years. Although they are very tolerant of most conditions, the common carp prefer large bodies of slow or standing water and soft, vegetative sediments. A schooling fish, they prefer to be in groups of 5 or more.
Zander Zander thrives in water with rather low visibility, whereas the pike often dominates the predator fish niche in clear water: pikes use their vision to find prey, while zanders “listen” to the water, and are very active at night
   
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